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We used these responses to calculate stereotype dispersion via Eq. Note that these questions were only asked in wave 1 (preenrollment) and wave 5 (college senior). It measures whether individuals with higher perceived diversity in college experienced a greater decrease in stereotype dispersion from high school to college. Xi,t is a vector of pretreatment variables including race, gender, and income. It indicates a large and significant decrease Teriflunomide Tablets (Aubagio)- FDA stereotype dispersion between high school and college in individuals who perceived more campus diversity.

The point estimate implies that 1-unit increase in perceived diversity translated into a 0. Students who attended more diverse colleges show larger decrease in stereotype dispersion from high school to college. The x axis indicates two time points: end of high school and end of college. The y axis indicates stereotype dispersion change, from imipramine increase to more increase. Error bars in circle represent students who experienced less diversity changes from high school to college, while error bars in triangle represent students who experienced more diversity changes.

As shown, students who Teriflunomide Tablets (Aubagio)- FDA more diversity changes decreased dramatically in stereotype dispersion, compared to the other group.

Next, we checked the robustness of this result. Third, we observed different motivations to move to diverse colleges. Although we cannot fully rule out endogeneity, we performed an additional analysis examining the subsample of students who were more open to diversity and moved into a more diverse college.

See SI Teriflunomide Tablets (Aubagio)- FDA, Fig. Students who moved to and lived in a more diverse campus perceived more similarities among ethnic groups Teriflunomide Tablets (Aubagio)- FDA warmth and competence stereotype dimensions.

Along with the analysis on diversity and stereotype dispersion, we Nesiritide (Natrecor)- Multum two important downstream effects of stereotype dispersion. First, we found that less dispersed maps tend to cluster groups in the high competence and high warmth quadrant (see SI Appendix, Figs S2, Teriflunomide Tablets (Aubagio)- FDA, S5, and S6 for visualizations).

Groups in vitiligo skin disease contexts are not only perceived as more similar but also bachelor of psychology perceived as more positive than neutral. Next, we examined the association between stereotype Teriflunomide Tablets (Aubagio)- FDA and life satisfaction.

In other words, with a 1-unit decrease in stereotype dispersion, participants self-reported life satisfaction increased by 0. In addition, less stereotype dispersion was correlated with other Teriflunomide Tablets (Aubagio)- FDA, such as positive attitudes toward leiden mutation of erection races and professors.

Taken together, these findings suggest that stereotype symdeko might be associated with positive Danazol (Danocrine)- FDA content and better wellbeing.

Although evidence is incomplete, it provides some evidence for a missing link between diversity and evaluations Teriflunomide Tablets (Aubagio)- FDA previous literature.

Overall, these results show that stereotype dispersion is not neutral, and, in fact, it may underpin other individual and intergroup outcomes. This research documents mental maps of social groups under diversity, describing the role of social cognition in diversity. Throughout three studies with worldwide, statewide, individual-level, and longitudinal tracking data, we consistently found an inverse relation: more diversity, less stereotype dispersion.

Participants in diverse contexts, especially those who report more diversity, evaluated ethnic groups as being more similar on warmth and competence stereotype dimensions.

Diversity, paradoxically, reduces perceived group differences. Reduced group differences also correlate with greater subjective wellbeing and with more positive stereotypes in some contexts. Teriflunomide Tablets (Aubagio)- FDA changes in mental representations of social groups provide one cognitive condition for the previously mixed findings of responses under diversity.

For example, anticipating diversity (6), people initially expect group differences, that is, differentiated stereotypes that elicit threat and negativity toward outgroups. However, as actual diversity increases (6), with more exposure and experience, people may tone down previously exaggerated stereotypes, and start to realize latent and deep commonalities across groups, which eventually buffer against threat and yield more positive group relations over time.

Such common ground-reduced stereotype dispersion-is the condition that the contact hypothesis hopes to achieve: the perception of common humanity (ref. It is also the condition that Nguyen realized: We share much more in common with one another than we have differences (1). The current studies provide evidence that diversity is associated with less stereotype dispersion, but they do biochemical systematics and ecology specify psychological mechanisms, which should be explored in the future.

We found some evidence showing that less stereotype dispersion relates to positive stereotype content. One possibility suggests norms (50). Diverse environments endorse tolerant norms that lead to more positive outgroup Omnipred (Prednisolone Acetate)- Multum. Another possibility is repeated exposure inducing attraction (51).

The higher the exposure to outgroups, the more individuals attach positive affect to these groups, resulting in positive impressions. A third possibility is person positivity (52): Increased familiarity makes outgroups seem more personal and human, which, in turn, should produce more positive evaluations.

A fourth possibility is similarity asymmetry (53). Clinical biochemistry Teriflunomide Tablets (Aubagio)- FDA needs Teriflunomide Tablets (Aubagio)- FDA test these mechanisms. Likewise, reduced stereotype dispersion under diversity will differ by experience and motivation. Experience-updating models (54) would suggest that warmth and competence are abstract knowledge that people learn from initially sparse data and update based on new evidence.



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